Bronze age & Celtic Heuneburg

Today we went on a journey into the past of Southern Germany, visiting the Celtic Heuneburg and afterwards the Federsee, an area of prehistoric settlement.

HEUNEBURG @ sunset // Foto: LAD. M. Friemelt

Reconstructed Celtic buildings @ Heuneburg

The Heuneburg was a prehistoric hill fort on a strategically positioned mountain spur that rises steeply 40 m above the Danube at the centre of a fertile river plain. It is considered to be one of the most important early Celtic centres in Central Europe, rising to its heyday at a time when Rome was still an insignificant village at the Tiber. Apart from the fortified citadel, there are extensive remains of settlements and burial areas spanning several centuries.

The site was first discovered in the 1820s, but serious excavation didn’t start before 1950. Today there are reconstructions of several houses and of part of the clay brick wall which can be visited.

Exhibition in the reconstructed manor house
Bronze fibulae
Reconstructed wall of the fortress overlooking the Danube valley
 Hand made clay bricks
Bedstead, how it was already used at that time

The Celts not only mastered the extraction of bronze, gold and, above all, iron, they were also talented armourer and goldsmiths, as many excavations confirm.

From the Heuneburg it was not far to the Federsee, a big moor and natural reserve, which you can explore on a 1.5 km long boardwalk. But even more interesting was the archaeological museum about 15,000 years of settlement around the lake.
Reconstructed log boat – 57 of this type were found at the lake
Boardwalk through the moor
Reconstructed village at the museum
Beautiful pottery found in the area 
Knifes made of bronze
With 5000 years the oldest wheel which was found north of the Alps 
Flower of the Day

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